State Profile

Home / State Profile

The State of Nagaland was formally inaugurated on December 1st, 1963, as the 16th State of the Indian Union. It is bounded by Assam in the West, Myanmar (Burma) on the east, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam on the North and Manipur in the South. The State consists of seven Administrative Districts, inhabited by 16 major tribes along with other sub-tribes. Each tribe is distinct in character from the other in terms of customs, language and dress.

It is a land of folklore passed down the generations through word of mouth. Here, music is an integral part of life; folk songs eugolising ancestors, the brave deeds of warriors and traditional heroes; poetic love songs immortalising ancient tragic love stories; Gospel songs that touch your soul (should you have a religious bend of mind) or the modern tunes rendered exquisitely to set your feet a-tapping.

Nature could not have been kinder to Nagaland, sometimes referred to as the Switzerland of the East; the exquisitely picturesque landscapes, the vibrantly colourful sunrise and sunset, lush and verdant flora….. this is a land that represents unimaginable beauty, moulded perfectly for a breath taking experience.

Nagaland has continued to chart new developmental paths for itself and has shown a unique model for the country. The Village Councils, 0ther Village Development Boards, and the recently introduced Communitisation of Public Institutions and Services Act, 2002, in areas like education, health, power, etc., which have already been acknowledged as successful.

Nagaland at a Glance

1. Location : Approximately lies between 25°6' and 27°4' latitude, North of Equator and between the longitudinal lines 93°20'E and 95°15'E.
2. State Capital : Kohima (1444.12 mts above sea level)
3. Official Language : English
4. Tribes : Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khiamniungan, Kuki, Konyak, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sumi, Sangtam, Yimchungru, Zeliang.
5. General :  
Area Population Population Density
Sq. Km.
Literacy NSDP (1996-97)
(Rs. In lakhs)
Per Capita Income (1996-97)
16,527 Sq.Km 19,88,636 120 persons per  67.11% 172699/- Rs. 11368/-
6. Climate :  
Rainfall (2000mm-2500mm average) Temperature
May-Aug Sept-Oct Nov-Apr Summer Winter
Heavy Rain Occasional Rain Dry Season 16 0C - 310C 40C - 240C
7. Connectivity :  
Air Port Rail Head Road Length  in KM
    National Highway State Highway
Dimapur Dimapur 370 1094
8. Educational Institutions :  
University Colleges High Schools Middle Schools Primary Schools PolyTechnics Industrial Training Institutes(ITI}
1 40 236 418 1399 2 5
9. Others :  
Major Crops Major Minerals Forest Fruits Vegetables
Rice,Maize,Millet, Grams,Rubber,Tea etc. Coal, Lime Stone, Petroleum, Marble etc. 8,62,930 hecs.(21% of total land area) Banna, Pinaple, orange, Passion Fruit, Pears, plum, jack fruit etc. Ginger, Garlics, Chilli, Tomato, potato, Cabbage etc.